Flood and Drought Tolerance of Tropical Fruit Trees



From the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service
Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida


Flood Tolerance Definitions

Tolerant - Flood tolerant fruit crops will survive excessively wet (high water table) and flooded conditions for several days to a few weeks.
However, the stress of wet conditions may reduce tree growth and fruit production. In addition, root diseases may develop and result in tree damage or death.
Moderately tolerant - Moderately flood tolerant trees will survive several days of excessively wet or flooded soil conditions. However, the stress of wet conditions may reduce tree growth and fruit production. In addition, root disease may develop and result in tree damage or death.
Not tolerant - Trees not tolerant of wet or flooded soil conditions. Trees may sustain heavy damage or be killed by one to a few days of wet soil conditions.

Flood tolerance of tropical and subtropical fruit crops based on the literature and field observations

Tolerant Moderately tolerant Not tolerant
Guava Lychee Avocado
Sapodilla Longan Papaya
Caimito 'Tahiti' lime Mamey sapote
Coconut Canistel Sugar apple
Grafted citrus Mango Atemoya
  Carambola Passion fruit
  Banana Jackfruit



Drought Tolerance Definitions

Tolerant - Trees tolerate lack of water for a few days to several weeks. However, drought stress may reduce tree growth and yields.
Moderately Tolerant - Trees may withstand several days of drought. However, drought stress may reduce tree growth and yields.
Not Tolerant - Trees may survive a few days of drought. However, this may result in severe leaf drop, poor vegetative growth, and a large reduction in yield.

Drought tolerance of tropical and subtropical fruit crops based on the literature and field observations

Tolerant Moderately tolerant Not tolerant
Grafted citrus Avocado Air-layered citrus
Sapodilla Mamey sapote Papaya
Mango Passion fruit Banana
Canistel Lychee  
  Longan  
  Carambola  
  Caimito  
  Coconut  
  Guava  
  Jackfruit  
  Sugar apple  
  Atemoya  



Further Reading
Managing your Tropical Fruit Grove Under Changing Water Table Levels from the University of Florida pdf



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Bibliography

Balerdi, Carlos F., Crane, Jonathan H. and Schaffer, Bruce. "Managing your Tropical Fruit Grove Under Changing Water Table Levels." edis.ifas.ufl.edu. This document is HS957, one of a series of the Horticultural Sciences Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. Publication date Oct.2003. Revised Nov. 2016. Web. 26 Apr. 2017.

Published 18 May 2015 LR. Last update 26 Apr. 2017 LR
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